The data centre will be approximately 25-30 per cent more energy efficient than the industry average. At a capacity of 100 MW, this implies a reduction in indirect CO2 emissions of up to 50,000 tonnes a year over the period 2025-2050 compared to similar facilities located in less favourable locations in Europe.
At the planned site in Kalberg, Jæren, there is also scope to increase capacity significantly beyond 100 MW. With an expansion of the capacity to an estimated 500 MW, annual indirect CO2 emissions will be 240,000 tonnes lower at Kalberg when compared to similar facilities.
The data centre may also support the development of a new business cluster in the area, including a biogas plant, onshore fish farm and greenhouse. We have identified significant synergies within such a cluster from connecting multiple input and output streams. The synergy effects can contribute to further cuts in annual CO2 emissions of 16,500 – 20,000 tonnes.
An integrated cluster with a data centre, biogas plant, fish farm and greenhouse would be an innovation of national importance and contribute positively to regional GDP and employment. Growth is particularly important for Rogaland, which expects declining employment over the next ten years as a result of reduced investment in the petroleum sector. The establishment of a data centre cluster at Kalberg would halve the expected fall in employment within the county.
Issues related to any negative consequences from land use are not addressed in this report.
The report has been conducted on behalf of Lyse AS.